The nozzle is a product for spraying water. The nozzles are attached to the pipes or the end of the pipe in the water or liquid spray system. Nozzles are used to spray water in different ways in different areas.
Nozzles can be one piece or they can consist of several pieces. There are many different nozzle types. They can spray different amounts of water, they can work at different pressures, the connection types may be different, the spray amounts and shapes may be different. From past to present, different nozzle designs have been developed for many different needs and they continue to be developed. Every day, new products are launched for new needs. Even older versions are updated and made more useful. For this reason, there are many types of nozzles in the market. How will you choose the nozzle that suits your needs among these varieties? We think that this article will be useful for you as a practical guide.
Nozzles are classified according to 5 basic elements.
1- material; plastic, metal etc.
2- compressive strength; low, medium, high pressure
3- type of connection; gear, jack etc.
4- spray amount; 30gr/min-1000gr/min etc.
5- spray pattern; linear, circular etc.
Now let’s examine them one by one;
1- Material (from which material it is made): The material of the nozzles can be grouped under 2 main headings as nozzles made of plastic-based material and nozzles made of metal material. sometimes there are nozzles that contain both plastic and metal. Metal nozzles are usually made of stainless steel or brass in order to be resistant to rust. They can be produced by machining or casting methods. When choosing the nozzle material, will it work in hot or cold? Will it work in a place that will take a hit? The choice should be made by answering questions such as: Since there may be factors such as temperature or impact in some places, heat and impact resistant nozzles are used. Metal nozzles are preferred in such places. In some places, plastic nozzles will be more suitable as chemicals will be sprayed.
2- Pressure resistance: Nozzles are produced in accordance with their structure to work at a certain pressure. lower working pressure and upper working pressure are important data. If your working pressure is less than the pressure stated in the product description of the nozzle, you will not be able to provide a useful spray. If it is at a pressure above the specified upper pressure, the nozzle will either be deformed or will not give the desired result. The higher the pressure, the more forward spraying and fragmentation will be. As the pressure decreases, the particle diameter of the water increases and the spray distance decreases. But the working pressure values of the nozzle you want to buy are important. Not every nozzle can work at every pressure. You need to make your nozzle selection by making these evaluations.
3- Connection type: One of the important issues when choosing a nozzle is how you will connect the nozzle to your pipe or line. In some places, ease of assembly is at the forefront and press-and-plug nozzles are preferred. In some places, threaded nozzles are preferred in order not to be affected by pressure.
4- Amount of spraying: For some places, it is necessary to spray the water with thick particles, while in some places there is a need for spraying in the form of very fine mist. As the particles get thicker, the water consumption will increase. An important selection criterion in nozzles is how much water it will spray. It is very important how many liters of water will be consumed per minute. How much liquid do you want to spray? If spraying will be done from many points, how many liters of liquid will be sprayed from each of the nozzles? This is one of the important criteria when choosing your nozzle. How much water is consumed per minute is stated on the product web pages. You can make your choice accordingly.
5- Spraying method: Some nozzles can spray circularly, some linearly, and some can spray in the form of a fan. You can plan your purchase accordingly by determining the spray type you need.
You can review the links below to evaluate and purchase our nozzle types;
In some industrial areas, dust is generated when some materials such as sand are loaded and unloaded, collected or stored. Some sources of bad odor can harm the environment.
In the interior of some enterprises, dust is formed during material transfer, negatively affecting worker health. On the other hand, during the unloading or unloading of materials in the external areas or storage areas of some enterprises, dust is generated and may cause discomfort to the environment.
In such cases, this unhealthy situation can be prevented by spraying water directly on the dust source or around it.
You can view the related products from the link below:
For dust suppression application, water spraying can be done with 3 different methods. Now, by examining these methods one by one, let’s offer you our dust suppression suggestions:
Low Pressure Spraying;
Sprayers that can spray with mains pressure are called “low pressure nozzles”. For this method, you can only buy this low pressure nozzle and the corresponding pipe from us. You can connect your installation that you will create with these materials to the mains water and run it. It can spray up to a maximum of 15 nozzles with the mains pressure. This method will be the cheapest solution. You can buy the nozzles from the link below, and you can make a sample trial with this method. Even your trial cost will be very low. The water particles are max 0.5mm in size and may become muddy depending on the spraying time. If you use 10 nozzles, the amount of water will be around 2.5lt min – max 10lt per minute. As the number of nozzles increases, the amount of water will increase at the same rate. As you increase the number of nozzles, you will need to increase the pipe diameter accordingly. You can connect up to 50 low pressure nozzles using a suitable pump and 1/2″ ie half finger pipe. You can buy these nozzles from the link below;
- Medium Pressure Fogging;
With this method, you can purchase the ready-to-install package from the link below. and you can apply it wherever there is a source of dust. Sprayer diameters of 03 or 04 mm are preferred in dust suppression systems. Not spraying, but a fogging spraying occurs, and sludge will not occur. (Maximum 40 nozzles can be used in these systems due to the capacity of the machine.). Here, 3-5 liters of water per minute will be sprayed from 30 or 40 points.
High Pressure Fogging;
Fogging is done with this method. dust is suppressed without sludge. Sprayer diameters of 0.3mm or 0.4mm are preferred in dust suppression systems. You can buy the ready-to-install package in the link below and apply it anywhere. In this system, 3-5 liters of water per minute will be sprayed from 30 or 40 points. With the example in the link below, 4-6 liters of water will be sprayed per minute.
Note: In high pressure systems, the number of nozzles can be used in large quantities. The number of nozzles can be increased according to the size of your area. You can get an idea of how many nozzles to use in your area by answering the questions below.
a) Is the dust source area bare or has a roof?
– If there is no roof and the dust source is at a middle point, opposing poles can be built and a steel tension line is drawn between these poles and the spray line can be attached to these steel wires. In this case, are the work machines working in the environment? How high can the spray line be built? If it is not possible to make the spray line from the middle under these conditions, will it be possible to spray only from the edges?
– If there is a roof; ie if the nozzles can be attached to the roof, will it be sprayed just above the dust source? Or will the entire area be fogged at the same time?
b) if only environmental treatment can be applied to the dust source; What will be the pipe distance to be used in the application area? Considering 1 nozzle per 1 meter, how many edet nozzles will be used? Once these quantities are determined, you can easily select the ready-to-install package that suits you. If the quantities do not comply with the systems available on our website, you can send an e-mail to email@example.com and get a price for the system specific to you.
For cases with or without a roof, simply answer these questions to determine the number of Nozzles.
After determining the size of the area you will apply, remember the following when planning for dust suppression;
Planning should be done on the line with 1 end to 1 meter,
If there is a roof rather than the sides, or if spraying will be done from the top to the entire area, the application is made with a distance of 3 meters between the lines.
You can view sample applications from the following video links:
Application from the roof: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BxFtFFwxS7Y
Application from the environment: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXATSJvf1zE
Application on dust source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pXfNART5TrE